An Open Source License That Requires Users to Do No Harm

China uses facial recognition technology to track Uyghur Muslims. The US military uses drones to kill suspected terrorists—any nearby civilians. US Immigration and Customs Enforcement—which has locked children in cages near the Mexican border—relies on software for communications and coordination, like all modern organizations.

Someone had to write the code that makes all of that possible. Increasingly, some developers are calling on their employers and the government to stop using their work in ways they believe are unethical. Google employees convinced the company to stop its drone footage analysis work and cancel plans to bid on a cloud computing contract with the Pentagon. Microsoft employees have protested the company’s work for ICE and the military, though with little success thus far.

But it’s hard to stop a company or government from using software that it already has, especially if that software is open source. Last month, for example, programmer Seth Vargo deleted some of his open source code from online repositories to protest its potential use by ICE. But because open source code can be freely copied and distributed, his code was soon back online elsewhere.

Coraline Ada Ehmke wants to give her fellow developers more control over how their software is used. Software released under her new “Hippocratic License” can be shared and modified for almost any purpose, with one big exception: “Individuals, corporations, governments, or other groups for systems or activities that actively and knowingly endanger, harm, or otherwise threaten the physical, mental, economic, or general well-being of individuals or groups in violation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.”

click resources
over here
like this
Learn More
site web
navigate to this web-site
pop over to this website
Get the facts
our website
great site
try this out
visit the website
you could look here
go to this site
website link
read this
official statement
check out the post right here
additional info
my link
additional reading
important source
you can check here
this link
see post
click reference
visit site
look here
try this web-site
Going Here
click to read
check this site out
go to website
you can look here
read more
use this link
a knockout post
best site
blog here
her explanation
discover this info here
he has a good point
check my source
straight from the source
go to my blog
hop over to these guys
find here
click to investigate
look at here now
here are the findings
click to find out more
important site
click here to investigate
browse around this site

Coraline Ada Ehmke


Photograph: Courtesy of Coraline Ada Ehmke

Defining what it means to do harm is inherently contentious, but Ehmke hopes that tying the license to existing international standards will reduce the uncertainty. The declaration of human rights “is a document that’s 70 years old and is pretty well established and accepted for its definition of harm and what violating human rights really means,” she says.

It’s a bold proposal, but it’s exactly the sort of thing Ehmke is known for. In 2014 she wrote the first draft of a code of conduct for open source projects called the “Contributor Covenant.” She was met with skepticism at first, but more than 40,000 open source projects have adopted it, ranging from Google’s artificial intelligence platform TensorFlow to the Linux kernel.

For now, few are using the Hippocratic License. Ehmke herself isn’t even using it yet. It still needs to pass a legal review, for which she’s hired a lawyer, and there are plenty of potential pitfalls, such as compatibility with other licenses, to be addressed. But Ehmke says the license is less about getting people to use it, and more to start a conversation about ethics in open source and programmers’ control over their work.

Ehmke acknowledges that changing the way technologists license their work won’t in and of itself stop human rights abuses. But she wants to give technologists a tool to inhibit companies, governments, or other bad actors from using their code while committing those abuses.

The nonprofit Open Source Initiative says open source software “must not discriminate against any person or group of persons” and “must not restrict anyone from making use of the program in a specific field of endeavor.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.